IVF procedures are risky because of the risks involved and the treatments themselves. Even with the best treatments and the safest procedure, some women still have miscarriages. Knowing about the risks of the procedure will help women make better choices about their treatment options.
The first risk is that IVF procedures are not always successful. It takes couples undergoing a standard IVF cycle at least one cycle to achieve pregnancy. Some do not produce pregnancy at all. A woman undergoing IVF may also experience pain or loss of fertility during the procedure itself.
There are risks associated with the procedure itself, too. As mentioned above, not all procedures are successful. The reasons for unsuccessful treatment are varied. These reasons include the use of inappropriate drugs, a certain egg being no longer viable, a chromosomal abnormality in the egg, a genetic disorder, infertility due to low progesterone levels, the failure of implantation to occur, among others.
Although the problems listed above are rare, they still cause pregnancies to fail. However, the success rate of an IVF procedure can be as high as 85%. Women who undergo a traditional cycle undergo treatments three to five times before becoming pregnant.
There are also procedures called Ovulation Induction and Luteal Phase Induction, which are used to induce ovulation. In these procedures, hormonal treatments are given prior to intercourse. Once the woman has been implanted with the egg, the woman’s hormones are balanced and the egg is released from the ovary.
In an IVF procedure, a woman takes hormones through injection into the bloodstream in order to bring on ovulation. Ovulation is a normal part of the menstrual cycle, and once ovulation occurs, the cycle ends. An IVF cycle will continue for several more days in order to prevent implantation from occurring.
Implantation is the process of implanting the fertilized egg in the uterus, thus giving the fertilized egg the opportunity to grow and mature into a fetus. Once implantation has occurred, the fertilized egg is removed from the uterus and the woman can resume her normal life.
After implantation, the risk of further complications increases. These complications can include the formation of cysts, birth defects, or the failure of the fertilized egg to implant. As a result, complications related to these conditions often occur when the pregnancy is still viable. This causes the pregnancy to be terminated, and the woman to undergo further treatments.
The second risk is with the frozen embryo transfer. This is also known as a blastocyst transfer. In this procedure, a single blastocyst is transferred into the uterus. The mother and child’s health are not affected by this procedure, but since it involves the transfer of a single blastocyst, some of them may die before implantation.
The third risk is with the use of ovarian stimulation medications. Some of these medications can cause serious side effects, such as ovarian cancer and leukemia. This, in turn, may cause severe damage to the woman’s body and lead to complications.
Since the embryos in these medications do not belong to the mother, but rather the father, some of them will not be capable of developing in the uterus, resulting in miscarriage. Since the risk of the frozen embryo transfer is very low, the risk of complications caused by the use of drugs is extremely high.
IVF procedures may seem risky, but the potential complications are very low. Of course, all women wishing to have children should understand these risks and discuss them with their doctor before undergoing the procedure.